What is Sternum Compression Test?
The sternum compression test signals or indicates rib fracture or rib dislocation or strain in the intercoastal muscles or imapaired vertebral or coastal mobility.
Procedure of Performing Sternum Compression Test
Step 1 – The patient lies in the supine lying position
Step 2 – The examiner exerts light pressure on the sternum with his/her both hands.
When the examiner exerts light pressure on the sternum, the examiner will ask the patient if they feel any pain.
If the patient feels pain, when the examiner exerts light pressure on the sternum this indicates a positive sternum compression test.
The reasons of the pain could be due to a
- Rib fracture – Localized pain in the rib cage can be due to the rib fracture.
- Rib subluxation (discolation).
- Strain in the intercoastal muscles.
- Imapaired vertebral or coastal mobility – Pain in the vicinity of the sternum or vertebra indicates impaired vertebral or coastal mobility.
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